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Test Bank Anatomy & Physiology -The Unity of Form and Function 7th Edition by Kenneth Saladin

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Test Bank Anatomy & Physiology -The Unity of Form and Function 7th Edition by Kenneth Saladin

Test Bank Anatomy & Physiology -The Unity of Form and Function 7th Edition by Kenneth Saladin 

INSTANT DOWNLOAD

 

What Can You Expect From A Test Bank

 

The study major and field is going to dictate what it is you see inside the test bank. However, in the basic scheme of things, a test bank will include the following questions:

 

  1. Multiple choice
  2. True/false
  3. Fill in the blank
  4. Matching
  5. Short questions
  6. Essay question

 

SAMPLE

Chapter 05

Histology

 

 


True / False Questions

1.  Mesoderm gives rise to muscle, bone, and blood.
TRUE

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Learning Outcome: 05.01b Name the three embryonic germ layers and some adult tissues derived from each.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Histology

2.  Columnar cells lining the small intestine have a brush border of microvilli on the apical surface.
TRUE

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02b List and classify eight types of epithelium, distinguish them from each other, and state where each type can be found in the body.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

3.  Nonkeratinized cells exfoliate from the surface of the skin.
FALSE

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02b List and classify eight types of epithelium, distinguish them from each other, and state where each type can be found in the body.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

4.  In an epithelium, there is almost no extracellular matrix.
TRUE

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.02a Describe the properties that distinguish epithelium from other tissue classes.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

5.  The clear gel that usually surrounds cells is called interstitial fluid.
TRUE

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01a Name the four primary types into which all adult tissues are classified.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Histology

6.  Fibrocartilage is found in intervertebral discs.
TRUE

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of connective tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03d Name and classify 10 types of connective tissue, describe their cellular components and matrix, and explain what distinguishes them from each other.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

 

7.  Blood consists of cells and a ground substance made of formed elements.
FALSE

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03d Name and classify 10 types of connective tissue, describe their cellular components and matrix, and explain what distinguishes them from each other.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

8.  Plasma cells produce the ground substance that forms the matrix of connective tissues.
FALSE

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03b Discuss the types of cells found in connective tissue
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

9.  Excitable cells respond to outside stimuli by means of changes in plasma membrane shape.
FALSE

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.04a Explain what distinguishes excitable tissues from other tissues.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Histology

 

10.  Smooth and cardiac muscles are under involuntary control.
TRUE

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.04e Name the three kinds of muscular tissue and describe the differences between them.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Histology

11.  Dendrites in a neuron send outgoing signals to other cells.
FALSE

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.04c Identify the major parts of a nerve cell.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Histology

12.  Desmosomes are more effective than tight junctions in preventing substances from passing between cells.
FALSE

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
Learning Outcome: 05.05a Describe the junctions that hold cells and tissues together.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Histology

 

13.  The duct of an endocrine gland leads into the bloodstream rather than onto an epithelial surface.
FALSE

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D07.01 Distinguish between exocrine and endocrine glands, structurally and functionally.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Outcome: 05.05b Describe or define different types of glands.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Histology

14.  The secretory product of a gland is produced by its parenchyma, not its stroma.
TRUE

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D07.01 Distinguish between exocrine and endocrine glands, structurally and functionally.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Outcome: 05.05c Describe the typical anatomy of a gland.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Histology

15.  Scar tissue helps to hold an organ together but does not restore normal function of the damaged tissue.
TRUE

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D08.01 Describe how injuries affect epithelial, connective, muscular, and nervous tissues.
HAPS Objective: D08.02 Describe the stages in tissue repair following an injury
HAPS Topic: Module D08 Tissue injury and repair.
Learning Outcome: 05.06e Name and describe the ways the body repairs damaged tissues.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Histology

 

 


Multiple Choice Questions

16.  The four primary tissue types found in adult organs include all of the following except _________ tissue.
A.  connective
B.  fibrous
C.  nervous
D.  epithelial
E.  muscular

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D01.02 List the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01a Name the four primary types into which all adult tissues are classified.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Histology

17.  The __________ gives rise to the __________.
A.  mesoderm; digestive glands
B.  endoderm; muscular system and skeletal system
C.  ectoderm; nervous system and epidermis
D.  endoderm; mesoderm
E.  mesoderm; endoderm

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Learning Outcome: 05.01b Name the three embryonic germ layers and some adult tissues derived from each.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Histology

 

18.  The clear gel inside a cell is called __________.
A.  matrix
B.  ground substance
C.  interstitial fluid
D.  cytosol
E.  tissue fluid

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01a Name the four primary types into which all adult tissues are classified.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Histology

19.  A thin, stained slice of tissue mounted on a microscope is called a __________.
A.  fixative
B.  histological section
C.  spread
D.  stain
E.  smear

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Learning Outcome: 05.01c Visualize the three-dimensional shape of a structure from a two-dimensional tissue section.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Histology

20. The histological section that divides a specimen along its long axis is called a(n) __________ section.
A. cross
B. oblique
C. transverse
D. sagittal
E. longitudinal

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
Learning Outcome: 05.01c Visualize the three-dimensional shape of a structure from a two-dimensional tissue section.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Histology

 

21.  The covering of body surfaces and the lining of body cavities is composed of __________ tissue.
A.  interstitial
B.  muscle
C.  adipose
D.  epithelial
E.  nervous

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02a Describe the properties that distinguish epithelium from other tissue classes.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

22.  An epithelium whose cells are tall and narrow, with each one touching the basement membrane and reaching the apical surface, is called __________ epithelium.
A.  stratified squamous
B.  stratified cuboidal
C.  simple cuboidal
D.  simple columnar
E.  pseudostratified columnar

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02b List and classify eight types of epithelium, distinguish them from each other, and state where each type can be found in the body.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

 

23.  The basement membrane is found between __________ and __________.
A.  epithelium; connective tissue
B.  epithelium; extracellular material
C.  epithelium; intracellular material
D.  extracellular material; intracellular material
E.  interstitial fluid; extracellular fluid

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.02a Describe the properties that distinguish epithelium from other tissue classes.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

24.  Rapid diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide through the air sacs (alveoli) of the lungs takes place through __________ epithelium.
A.  simple squamous
B.  simple cuboidal
C.  simple columnar
D.  keratinized stratified squamous
E.  nonkeratinized stratified squamous

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02b List and classify eight types of epithelium, distinguish them from each other, and state where each type can be found in the body.
Learning Outcome: 05.02c Explain how the structural differences between epithelia relate to their functional differences.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

 

25.  Most kidney tubules are made of __________ epithelial tissue, which is specialized for absorption and secretion.
A.  simple columnar
B.  stratified columnar
C.  pseudostratified columnar
D.  simple cuboidal
E.  stratified cuboidal

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
Learning Outcome: 05.02b List and classify eight types of epithelium, distinguish them from each other, and state where each type can be found in the body.
Learning Outcome: 05.02c Explain how the structural differences between epithelia relate to their functional differences.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

26.  __________ epithelium is the most widespread epithelium in the body, whereas __________ epithelium is rare.
A.  Simple columnar; stratified columnar
B.  Stratified squamous; stratified columnar
C.  Pseudostratified; stratified squamous
D.  Simple cuboidal; stratified squamous
E.  Stratified squamous; simple squamous

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02b List and classify eight types of epithelium, distinguish them from each other, and state where each type can be found in the body.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

 

27.  Some simple columnar and pseudostratified columnar epithelia have _________ cells, which produce a protective mucous coating over the mucous membranes.
A.  fibrous
B.  blood
C.  basal
D.  keratinized
E.  goblet

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02c Explain how the structural differences between epithelia relate to their functional differences.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

28.  A brush border of microvilli is found in __________ epithelium, which can be found in the __________.
A.  pseudostratified; nasal cavity
B.  simple cuboidal; esophagus
C.  simple columnar; small intestine
D.  stratified squamous; anal canal
E.  stratified squamous; esophagus

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02b List and classify eight types of epithelium, distinguish them from each other, and state where each type can be found in the body.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

 

29.  All cells in _______ epithelium reach the basement membrane, but only cells that reach the free surface have cilia.
A.  pseudostratified columnar
B.  simple columnar
C.  stratified columnar
D.  stratified cuboidal
E.  stratified squamous

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02b List and classify eight types of epithelium, distinguish them from each other, and state where each type can be found in the body.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

30.  Found in the urinary bladder, __________ epithelium resembles __________ epithelium, but the apical cells are rounded, not flattened.
A.  transitional; stratified squamous
B.  stratified squamous; pseudostratified
C.  stratified squamous; stratified columnar
D.  simple columnar; pseudostratified
E.  transitional; simple cuboidal

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02b List and classify eight types of epithelium, distinguish them from each other, and state where each type can be found in the body.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

 

31.  __________ epithelium provides a moist and slippery surface and is well suited to resist stress, as seen in the __________.
A.  Transitional; tongue
B.  Keratinized; tongue
C.  Nonkeratinized; skin
D.  Keratinized; skin
E.  Nonkeratinized; vagina

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02b List and classify eight types of epithelium, distinguish them from each other, and state where each type can be found in the body.
Learning Outcome: 05.02c Explain how the structural differences between epithelia relate to their functional differences.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

32.  __________ epithelium is associated with rapid transport of substances through a membrane, whereas __________ epithelium is associated with resistance to abrasion.
A.  Simple columnar; transitional
B.  Simple squamous; stratified squamous
C.  Simple cuboidal; pseudostratified
D.  Pseudostratified; simple squamous
E.  Pseudostratified; simple cuboidal

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02c Explain how the structural differences between epithelia relate to their functional differences.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Histology

 

33.  Which of the following is not a feature that almost all connective tissues have in common?
A.  Most cells are not in direct contact with each other.
B.  Ground substance is so scarce that it is not visible with a light microscope.
C.  Cells usually occupy less space than the extracellular material.
D.  Protein fibers are usually present in the ground substance.
E.  Most connective tissues are highly vascular.

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.03a Describe the properties that most connective tissues have in common.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

34.  An example of a highly vascular tissue is __________ tissue. An example of a tissue that is not highly vascular is __________.
A.  epithelial; cartilage
B.  muscular; osseous tissue
C.  dense regular connective; dense irregular connective tissue
D.  areolar; cartilage
E.  nervous; osseous tissue

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03d Name and classify 10 types of connective tissue, describe their cellular components and matrix, and explain what distinguishes them from each other.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

 

35.  Which of the following is not a feature that connective tissues have in common?
A.  Very conspicuous fibers
B.  The presence of fibroblasts
C.  The presence of collagen
D.  Ground substance with a gelatinous to rubbery consistency
E.  A calcified matrix

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.03d Name and classify 10 types of connective tissue, describe their cellular components and matrix, and explain what distinguishes them from each other.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

36.  The shape of a person’s external ear is due to the presence of __________.
A.  dense regular connective tissue
B.  dense irregular connective tissue
C.  elastic cartilage
D.  fibrocartilage
E.  ligaments

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of connective tissue can be found.
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03d Name and classify 10 types of connective tissue, describe their cellular components and matrix, and explain what distinguishes them from each other.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

 

37.  Which of the following is not a type of fibrous connective tissue?
A.  Reticular tissue
B.  Hyaline cartilage
C.  Dense regular connective tissue
D.  Dense irregular connective tissue
E.  Areolar tissue

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03d Name and classify 10 types of connective tissue, describe their cellular components and matrix, and explain what distinguishes them from each other.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

38.  New triglycerides are constantly being synthesized and stored, while others are hydrolyzed and released into the circulation by the cells found in __________.
A.  blood
B.  fibrous connective tissue
C.  adipose tissue
D.  reticular tissue
E.  transitional tissue

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03b Discuss the types of cells found in connective tissue
Learning Outcome: 05.03d Name and classify 10 types of connective tissue, describe their cellular components and matrix, and explain what distinguishes them from each other.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

 

39.  The rubbery matrix of cartilage is secreted by __________, whereas _________ produce the fibers and ground substance that form the matrix of fibrous connective tissue.
A.  chondroblasts; plasma cells
B.  mast cells; fibroblasts
C.  osteocytes; chondroblasts
D.  chondroblasts; fibroblasts
E.  adipocytes; plasma cells

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03b Discuss the types of cells found in connective tissue
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

40.  Marfan syndrome is a hereditary defect of elastin fibers. People with this syndrome have __________.
A.  hyperextensible joints
B.  a small cranium
C.  elastic bones
D.  stronger bones
E.  viscous blood

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03c Explain what the matrix of a connective tissue is and describe its components.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

 

41.  Which of the following does not account for the gelatinous consistency of connective tissue ground substance?
A.  Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs)
B.  Proteoglycans
C.  Chondroitin sulfate
D.  Hyaluronic acid
E.  Collagen

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03c Explain what the matrix of a connective tissue is and describe its components.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

42.  Collagenous fibers are very abundant in __________.
A.  blood and hyaline cartilage
B.  blood, adipose tissue, and osseous tissue
C.  ligaments, bones, and the most superficial portion of the skin
D.  tendons, ligaments, and the deeper portion of the skin
E.  areolar tissue, tongue, and bones

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D03.05 Identify the different types of connective tissue using proper microscope technique.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03c Explain what the matrix of a connective tissue is and describe its components.
Learning Outcome: 05.03d Name and classify 10 types of connective tissue, describe their cellular components and matrix, and explain what distinguishes them from each other.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

 

43.  Fibroblasts and protein fibers are associated with both __________ and __________.
A.  dense regular; dense irregular connective tissues
B.  plasma; formed elements
C.  elastic cartilage; hyaline cartilage
D.  spongy bone; compact (dense) bone
E.  adipose tissue; reticular tissue

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03b Discuss the types of cells found in connective tissue
Learning Outcome: 05.03c Explain what the matrix of a connective tissue is and describe its components.
Learning Outcome: 05.03d Name and classify 10 types of connective tissue, describe their cellular components and matrix, and explain what distinguishes them from each other.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

44.  Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) help give the ground substance some of its qualities, including _________.
A.  helping to transfer charges in the nervous system
B.  holding water and maintaining electrolyte balance
C.  giving bone its brittle, inorganic structure
D.  providing the major structural support of tendons and ligaments
E.  acting as an energy reserve for muscle contraction

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03c Explain what the matrix of a connective tissue is and describe its components.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

 

45.  Blood functions to __________________.
A.  allow for heart contraction and relaxation
B.  store energy for the heart
C.  provide support to the heart
D.  line the heart chambers
E.  transport nutrients to the tissues

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03d Name and classify 10 types of connective tissue, describe their cellular components and matrix, and explain what distinguishes them from each other.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

46.  __________________ exhibits a lot of apparently empty space, and is found in many serous membranes.
A.  Blood
B.  Areolar tissue
C.  Osseous tissue
D.  Dense irregular connective tissue
E.  Adipose tissue

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D03.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of connective tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03d Name and classify 10 types of connective tissue, describe their cellular components and matrix, and explain what distinguishes them from each other.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Histology

 

47.  __________________ tissues respond quickly to outside stimuli by means of changes in membrane potential.
A.  Excitable
B.  Responsive
C.  Adipose
D.  Epithelial
E.  Connective

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.04a Explain what distinguishes excitable tissues from other tissues.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Histology

48.  Nervous tissue consists predominantly of two cell types, neurons and __________.
A.  fibroblasts
B.  chondrocytes
C.  neuroglia
D.  myocytes
E.  osteocytes

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.04b Name the cell types that compose nervous tissue.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Histology

 

49.  Astronauts in zero gravity are able to move food through their digestive tracts because __________.
A.  smooth muscle produces waves of contractions that propel material through the digestive tract
B.  skeletal muscle puts pressure on the digestive tract
C.  cardiac muscle maintains a high pressure that moves material through the digestive tract
D.  striated muscle creates a pressure gradient that forces material from one end of the digestive tract to the other
E.  skeletal muscle sphincters contract and allow materials to move through the digestive tract

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.04e Name the three kinds of muscular tissue and describe the differences between them.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Histology

50.  Skeletal muscle is described as __________.
A.  striated and voluntary
B.  striated and involuntary
C.  nonstriated and voluntary
D.  nonstriated and involuntary
E.  fibrous and containing ground substance

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.04e Name the three kinds of muscular tissue and describe the differences between them.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Histology

 

51.  A connective tissue fiber refers to a(n) __________, a nerve fiber refers to a(n) __________, and a muscle fiber refers to a(n) __________.
A.  entire cell; organelle; tissue
B.  organelle; entire cell; part of a cell
C.  organelle; entire cell; complex of macromolecules
D.  complex of macromolecules; entire cell; part of a cell
E.  complex of macromolecules; part of a cell; entire cell

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03c Explain what the matrix of a connective tissue is and describe its components.
Learning Outcome: 05.04c Identify the major parts of a nerve cell.
Learning Outcome: 05.04e Name the three kinds of muscular tissue and describe the differences between them.
Section: 05.03
Section: 05.04
Topic: Histology

52.  In the intestine, __________ ensure(s) that most digested nutrients pass through the epithelial cells and not between them.
A.  the plasma membrane
B.  desmosomes
C.  tight junctions
D.  gap (communicating) junctions
E.  ground substance

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
Learning Outcome: 05.05a Describe the junctions that hold cells and tissues together.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Histology

 

53.  __________ secrete __________ into __________.
A.  Goblet cells; mucus; the blood
B.  Endocrine glands; hormones; ducts
C.  Exocrine glands; hormones; ducts
D.  Endocrine glands; hormones; the blood
E.  Exocrine glands; mucus; the blood

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D07.01 Distinguish between exocrine and endocrine glands, structurally and functionally.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Outcome: 05.05b Describe or define different types of glands.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Histology

54.  Mucin is secreted by__________ glands, which combines with water to form a thick and sticky product. _________ glands produce a relatively watery fluid.
A.  mucous; serous
B.  merocrine; holocrine
C.  apocrine; mixed
D.  endocrine; exocrine
E.  serous; mucous

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial membranes.
HAPS Objective: D07.01 Distinguish between exocrine and endocrine glands, structurally and functionally.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Outcome: 05.05d Name and compare different modes of glandular secretion.
Learning Outcome: 05.05f Name and describe the major types of membranes in the body.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Histology

 

55. __________ glands (such as tear glands) have vesicles that release their secretion via exocytosis. __________ glands (such as oil-producing glands) secrete a mixture of disintegrated cells and their products.
A. Endocrine; Exocrine
B. Mucous; Serous
C. Cytogenic; Apocrine
D. Mucous; Cutaneous
E. Merocrine; Holocrine

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D07.03 Classify the different kinds of exocrine glands based on structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Outcome: 05.05d Name and compare different modes of glandular secretion.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Histology

56.  Glands that have branched ducts and secretory cells that form sacs at one end of the ducts are classified as ___________ glands.
A.  areolar
B.  simple acinar
C.  simple coiled tubular
D.  compound acinar
E.  compound tubuloacinar

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D07.03 Classify the different kinds of exocrine glands based on structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Outcome: 05.05c Describe the typical anatomy of a gland.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Histology

 

57. The membrane that lines the lumenal surfaces of the digestive, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive tracts consists of _________.
A. simple squamous epithelium and dense irregular connective tissue
B. areolar and dense irregular connective tissue
C. epithelium and lamina propria
D. areolar tissue and lamina propria
E. simple squamous epithelium and areolar tissue

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial membranes.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
Learning Outcome: 05.05f Name and describe the major types of membranes in the body.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Histology

58.  Most membranes are composed of two or three tissue types. However, an example of an exception is the ___________ membrane.
A.  mucous
B.  serous
C.  synovial
D.  cutaneous
E.  basement

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial membranes.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
Learning Outcome: 05.05e Describe the way tissues are organized to form the body’s membranes.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Histology

 

59.  The membrane that lines passageways that open to the exterior environment is called __________.
A.  the lamina propria
B.  endothelium
C.  a synovial membrane
D.  a serous membrane (serosa)
E.  a mucous membrane (mucosa)

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D06.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of membrane can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
Learning Outcome: 05.05f Name and describe the major types of membranes in the body.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Histology

60.  After six months of lifting weights at the gym, you notice that some of your muscles have increased in size. This increase in size is due to __________ of muscle cells.
A.  hyperplasia
B.  neoplasia
C.  hypertrophy
D.  metaplasia
E.  atrophy

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
Learning Outcome: 05.06a Name and describe the modes of tissue growth.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Histology

 

61.  The middle primary germ layer is called __________, which gives rise to a gelatinous material called __________, which then gives rise to different types of connective tissue such as bone, muscle, and blood.
A.  ectoderm; stem cells
B.  mesoderm; mesenchyme
C.  endoderm; mesenchyme
D.  mesoderm; fibroblasts
E.  ectoderm; mesenchyme

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
Learning Outcome: 05.01b Name the three embryonic germ layers and some adult tissues derived from each.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Histology

62.  Most biologists see embryonic stem (ES) cells as a possible treatment for diseases that result from the loss of functional cells. This possibility is based on the fact that ES cells are __________ stem cells.
A.  unipotent
B.  multipotent
C.  pluripotent
D.  totipotent
E.  omnipotent

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Learning Outcome: 05.06b Define adult and embryonic stem cells and their varied degrees of developmental plascitiy.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Histology

 

63.  The pseudostratified columnar epithelium of the bronchi in smokers may transform into stratified squamous epithelium. This is an example of __________.
A.  neoplasia
B.  metaplasia
C.  atrophy
D.  differentiation
E.  hyperplasia

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
Learning Outcome: 05.06c Name and describe the ways that a tissue can change from one type to another.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Histology

64.  With regard to the healing of a skin wound, macrophages ___________.
A.  release histamine to increase blood flow to the area
B.  produce and secrete collagenous fibers
C.  phagocytize and digest tissue debris
D.  stimulate epithelial cells to multiply
E.  make capillaries more permeable allowing white blood cells to migrate into the area

 


Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D08.02 Describe the stages in tissue repair following an injury
HAPS Topic: Module D08 Tissue injury and repair.
Learning Outcome: 05.06e Name and describe the ways the body repairs damaged tissues.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Histology

65.  It is normal for breasts to shrink after lactation ceases. This is a consequence of __________ in human breast cells.
A.  necrosis
B.  apoptosis
C.  atrophy
D.  infarction
E.  gangrene

 


Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
Learning Outcome: 05.06d Name and describe the modes and causes of tissue shrinkage and death.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Histology

 

66.  The replacement of damaged tissue with scar tissue is called _________.
A.  necrosis
B.  apoptosis
C.  gangrene
D.  regeneration
E.  fibrosis

 


Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
HAPS Objective: D08.02 Describe the stages in tissue repair following an injury
HAPS Topic: Module D08 Tissue injury and repair.
Learning Outcome: 05.06e Name and describe the ways the body repairs damaged tissues.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Histology