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Test Bank Entrepreneurship 10th Edition By Robert Hisrich

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Test Bank Entrepreneurship 10th Edition By Robert Hisrich

Test Bank Entrepreneurship 10th Edition By Robert Hisrich

Chapter 01

Entrepreneurship and the Entrepreneurial Mind-Set

True / False Questions
 

1. (p. 4) Ewing Kauffman took a risk when he started his company Marion Labs in 1950. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

2. (p. 5) How Ewing Kauffman ran his business illustrates corporate entrepreneurship. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

3. (p. 6) Entrepreneurial opportunities are those situations in which new goods, services, raw materials and organizing methods can be sold at greater than their production cost. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

4. (p. 6) Entrepreneurial action can be defined as those situations in which new goods, services, raw materials and organizing methods can be sold at greater than their production cost. 
FALSE

 


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Difficulty: Medium


 

5. (p. 6) The McMullen-Shepherd Model helps identify the common traits of successful entrepreneurs. 
FALSE

 


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Difficulty: Easy
 

6. (p. 6) The McMullen-Shepherd Model explains how knowledge and motivation influence two stages of entrepreneurial action. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

7. (p. 6) In the McMullen-Shepherd Model first person opportunity beliefs come before third person opportunity beliefs. 
FALSE

 


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Difficulty: Hard
 

8. (p. 6) In the McMullen-Shepherd Model the first stage is the evaluation stage. 
FALSE

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

9. (p. 7) Superficial similarities exist when the underlying mechanisms of the technology resemble, or match, the underlying mechanisms of the market. 
FALSE

 


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Difficulty: Medium


 

10. (p. 7) Structural similarities exist when the underlying mechanisms of the technology resemble, or match, the underlying mechanisms of the market. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

11. (p. 8) Bricolage is entrepreneurs making do by applying combinations of the resources at hand to new problems and opportunities. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

12. (p. 9) The effectuation process starts with what one has and selects among possible outcomes. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

13. (p. 9) Is the example "Curry in a Hurry" is an example of the effectuation process? 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Easy
 

14. (p. 9) The casual process of thinking starts with what one has and selects among possible outcomes. 
FALSE

 


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Difficulty: Medium


 

15. (p. 10) Demographics, ethnic origin, and marital status are examples of segmentation variables. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Easy
 

16. (p. 16) The question "What is this technology all about?" is a comprehension question. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Easy
 

17. (p. 16) Comprehension questions are designed to stimulate entrepreneurs to think about their own understanding. 
FALSE

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

18. (p. 16) Asking "How is this problem similar to problems I've already solved"? is an example of a connection task. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

19. (p. 16) A reflection task would involve thinking about what strategies should be used to solve a problem. 
FALSE

 


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Difficulty: Medium


 

20. (p. 17) Entrepreneurs have stronger intentions to act when taking action is perceived to be impossible and risky. 
FALSE

 


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Difficulty: Easy
 

21. (p. 17) Entrepreneurs' intentions are based on their perception of feasibility rather than someone else's impression of whether it is feasible. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Easy
 

22. (p. 17) Perceived desirability refers to the degree to which an individual has a favorable or unfavorable evaluation of the potential entrepreneurial outcomes. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Easy
 

23. (p. 18) An entrepreneur is rarely able to start a new business without some form of formal education. 
FALSE

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

24. (p. 18) Research indicates that male entrepreneurs tend to start their first significant venture in their middle 30s, while women entrepreneurs tend to do so in their early 30s. 
FALSE

 


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Difficulty: Medium


 

25. (p. 19) Previous start-up experience is a good predictor of starting subsequent businesses. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

26. (p. 19) Dissatisfaction with various aspects of one's job often motivates the launching of a new venture. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Easy
 

27. (p. 19) Most entrepreneurs indicate that their most significant venture was not their first one. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Easy
 

28. (p. 19) Role models are individuals who give psychological support to the entrepreneur especially during the start-up phase. 
FALSE

 


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Difficulty: Hard
 

29. (p. 19-20) Role models can include family members as well as industry professionals. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Easy


 

30. (p. 19) In a social network there are two major properties, density and centrality. 
TRUE

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

 


Multiple Choice Questions
 

31. (p. 6) Entrepreneurial Opportunities are defined as: 
A. new market entry through entrepreneur action.
B. the entrepreneur's mental processes in deciding whether or not to act on a potential opportunity.
C. a feasibility assessment.
D. situations in which new goods, services, raw materials and organizing methods can be sold at greater than their production cost.

 


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32. (p. 6-7) In Stage One of the McMullen-Shepherd Model: 
A. the entrepreneur decides whether or not there is an opportunity for someone.
B. the entrepreneur consults experts in the market area of interest.
C. the entrepreneur decides whether the opportunity that exists is a match with their own knowledge and motivation.
D. the entrepreneur engages in bricolage.

 


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33. (p. 6-7) In Stage Two of the McMullen-Shepherd Model: 
A. the entrepreneur deals with the business failure through counseling.
B. the entrepreneur decides whether or not there is an opportunity for him or her personally.
C. the entrepreneur goes through the causal process of thinking structurally.
D. the entrepreneur consults colleagues from previous jobs.

 


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34. (p. 7) In regards to thinking structurally, superficial similarities: 
A. exist when the underlying mechanisms of the technology resemble (or match) the underlying mechanisms of the market.
B. exist when supply is less than demand.
C. exist when entrepreneurs engage in bricolage.
D. exist when the basic (relatively easy to observe) elements of the technology resemble the basic elements of the market.

 


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Difficulty: Hard
 

35. (p. 9) The causal process of thinking: 
A. starts with a desired outcome and focuses on the possible means to generate that outcome.
B. starts with what one has and selects among possible outcomes.
C. involves bricolage.
D. starts with brainstorming by meeting with industry professionals.

 


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36. (p. 9) Which of the following is NOT a stage in Kolter's procedure in bringing a product/service to market? 
A. Select target market segments
B. Analyze long run opportunities in the market
C. Design market strategies
D. File for patent protection

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

37. (p. 16) Questions designed to increase an entrepreneurs' understanding of the nature of the environment are known as: 
A. Strategic questions
B. Connection tasks
C. Reflection tasks
D. Comprehension questions

 


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Difficulty: Easy
 

38. (p. 16) An entrepreneur considering if what they are doing makes sense is an example of: 
A. A strategic question
B. A connection task
C. A reflection task
D. A comprehension question

 


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39. (p. 16) __________ are designed to stimulate thought about entrepreneurs' understanding and feelings as they progress through the entrepreneurial process. 
A. Strategic questions
B. Connection tasks
C. Reflection tasks
D. Comprehension questions

 


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Difficulty: Medium
 

40. (p. 17) Individuals have stronger intentions to act when taking action is perceived to be _____ and desirable. 
A. elusive
B. feasible
C. flexible
D. risky

 


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Difficulty: Easy
 

41. (p. 17) Which among the following aspects affects an entrepreneur's perception of feasibility? 
A. Locus of control
B. Learning style
C. Perceived desirability
D. Self-efficacy

 


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42. (p. 18) On the education background, entrepreneurs: 
A. are less educated than the general population.
B. cite an educational need in the areas of finance, strategic planning, marketing, and management.
C. who lack a formal education, fail to create new businesses and exploit discovered opportunities.
D. cite formal education to be indispensible in starting a new business.

 


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43. (p. 19) Motivation to launch a new venture can arise from all of the following except
A. lack of prior experience.
B. boredom.
C. a lack of challenge.
D. frustration.

 


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Difficulty: Easy
 

44. (p. 19) Density, in regards to a social network, refers to: 
A. the extensiveness of ties between two individuals.
B. the total number of individuals in the network.
C. the distance of connection between the entrepreneur and contact.
D. the fact that most networks are informal and not well organized.

 


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Difficulty: Hard


 

45. (p. 20) The moral support network is different from the professional support network in that: 
A. a professional support network includes finding a mentor.
B. moral support is less important than professional support.
C. only the "cheering squad" provides moral support.
D. a moral support network comprises only of personal contacts.

 


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46. (p. 20) Within the moral-support network, most entrepreneurs indicate that their _____ are their biggest supporters. 
A. mentors
B. friends
C. parents
D. spouses

 


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47. (p. 20) Which group in a professional network helps keep a new venture competitive? 
A. Clients or buyers
B. Mentors
C. Trade associations
D. Suppliers

 


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Difficulty: Hard


 

 


Essay Questions
 

48. (p. 6-7) Explain the McMullen-Shepherd Model. 

1. Model explains how knowledge and motivation influence two stages leading to entrepreneurial action.
2. Stage One is when the potential entrepreneur realizes an opportunity exists for someone.
3. Stage Two is when the potential entrepreneur decides whether or not the opportunity is right for them personally in terms of their skill, knowledge and motivation.

 


Difficulty: Medium
 

49. (p. 7) Define superficial similarities and structural similarities. Which was noted as the more challenging for entrepreneurs? 

1. Superficial similarities exist when the basic (relatively easy to observe) elements of the technology resemble (match) the basic (relatively easy to observe) elements of the market.
2. Structural similarities exist when the underlying mechanisms of the technology resemble (or match) the underlying mechanisms of the market.
Structural was identified as the most challenging.

 


Difficulty: Medium
 

50. (p. 9) Describe the difference between the causal process and the effectuation process. 

Effectuation is process that starts with what one has (who they are, what they know, and whom they know) and selects among possible outcomes. Basically identifying resources and THEN finding an opportunity to fit whereas the casual process starts with a desired outcome and focuses on the means (what resources are needed) to generate that outcome.

 


Difficulty: Medium


 

51. (p. 16) Identify and define the 4 types of questions/tasks related to increasing cognitive ability. 

1. Comprehension questions are designed to increase entrepreneurs' understanding of the nature of the environment
2. Connection tasks are designed to stimulate entrepreneurs to think about the current situation in terms of similarities to and differences from situations previously faced and solved
3. Strategic Tasks are designed to stimulate entrepreneurs to think about which strategies are appropriate for solving the problem (and why) or pursuing the opportunity (and how)
4. Reflection tasks are designed to stimulate entrepreneurs to think about their understanding and feelings as they progress through the entrepreneurial process.

 


Difficulty: Hard
 

52. (p. 20) Describe the difference between a moral and professional support network and give examples of who might fit into each network. Who do entrepreneurs typically cite as their biggest supporters? 

A moral support network is for emotional support and usually includes family and friends.
A professionals support network is a source of information and help for an entrepreneur's business activities and can be professionals from trade associations, former business associates, suppliers, accountants, lawyers.
Spouses were cited by the text as the biggest supporters.

 


Difficulty: Medium